Growing grapes

 

 

 

Grape varieties and their characteristics

Table varieties of grapes

Technical varieties of grapes

The classification of grape varieties on the novelty

The choice of grape variety

 

Tab is vineyards

Biological characteristics of grapes

Inventory winegrower

Preparation for tab a vineyard

Planting of vines

The quality of seedlings grape

Formation and pruning vines

Guyot system

 

Wine glasshouse culture

Soil conditions and location

Planting grapes

Pruning and forming grapes

Pollination of grapes

Decimation grapes

Supplementary feeding and watering grapes

The harvest of grapes

Pests and diseases of grapes

 

The basic rules grafting grapes

Grafting of grapes eye or bud

Grafting of grapes in a split green shoots

Grafting of grapes to split trunk

Using last year's grape cuttings

Grafting of grapes "green on green'

The method of budding grapes

Kilchevanie of grapes

Care of grafted grape plants

Reproduction of the grape

Wintering grapes

Derivation of frost varieties of grapes

 

The use of grapes for landscaping

Planting grapes at the walls and arbors

Formation and pruning vines for greenery

 

Care of vineyards

Artificial pollination of grapes

Fertilizers for grapes

Recovering the vines from frost damage

Elimination of thinning grapes

Pruning of vine

Green operations in the Vineyard

Improving the quality of grapes

 

Methods of protection of grapes

Pests of grapevine

Diseases of the vine

Weed plants

Protection of vineyards from disease

Definition of diseases of grapes on the external signs of injury

Protecting grapes from pests and diseases

Characteristics of herbicides permitted for use

Precautions when working with pesticides

 

Collection and processing of grapes

Collection and storage of grapes

Grapes in cooking

 

Making a home of grape wine

Dry wines

Dessert wines

Manufacturing technology of sweet dessert of grape wine

The composition of grape wine

Diseases of the wine

Classification of wines

Table wines

Local wines

Quality wines

Wine tasting

Making wine from fruit and berries

Storage of wine

 

Culture of wine drinking

Culture of wine consumption

 

Weed plants

A characteristic feature of weeds is their extremely high fecundity, the ability of seeds to spread over long distances, persist in soil for a long time, actively propagate vegetatively. Moreover, they are characterized by a high viability and plasticity under different environmental conditions. In the vineyards of Ukraine meets more than 120 weed species, of which about 60% belong to the bipartite one-year, around 10% - to one-year cereal and more than 30% - to the tap root and korneotpryskovym broad-leaved perennials. The greatest harmfulness rhizomatous perennial grasses differ, which are represented by a small number of species.

Annuals and biennials weeds reproduce primarily by seeds. Of annual weeds in vineyards more common spring (wood louse, common lambsquarters, common amaranth, millet, chicken, foxtail gray and green), wintering (shepherd's purse, thlaspi arvense) and winter (field fire, fire, roof). Perennial weeds (clover yellow, curled thistle) in the first year form a rosette of leaves, and next year flower and fruit. Perennial weeds, fruit a few times, multiply by seeds and rhizomes (yarrow, mugwort, couch grass, Cynodon digitate, GUM) or root suckers (field bindweed, yellow sow thistle, sow thistle pink).

To combat the weeds in the vineyards use herbicides contact (atrazine, gerbatoks, diuron, karagard 3587, simazine) and systemic (dalapon, Roundup, fosulen) actions.

Contact, or soil, herbicides penetrate the plant through the root system and partly through the underground parts of stems. Atrazine and diuron can enter plants through aerial part and organs. Soil herbicides against weeds are most active during seed germination and initial growth of plants.

These sensitive: wood louse, common lambsquarters, Stellaria, shepherd's purse, radish, wild, gray foxtail, green foxtail, amaranth thrown back, amaranth white cocklebur common.

Systemic herbicides penetrate the plant through the leaves and other aerial organs and tissues are distributed to the roots. The high activity of systemic drugs is shown at an air temperature of 17-25 ° C in the sun. They are sensitive perennial grassy weeds: couch grass, Cynodon, Guma.

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Выращивание винограда

 

Growing grapes