For successful grafting
requires one hundred percent guarantee of the viability of eyes, and
hard-changeable winter conditions with the vine can happen a lot
(freezing of, damping off, etc.), resulting in unacceptable spring
harvesting grafter material not sheltered plantations.
Scheduled for the autumn
regraftig bushes completely cut down (on a healthy node root stump,
10-20 cm below ground level).
The next stage - to activate
the germination of dormant buds. To this end no later than April around
the bush regraftig remove the upper 20 cm soil layer (1-1.5 m in
diameter). In this case, the earth is warming up in the root zone
quicker, faster regrowth of shoots. 2.3 Allow the top flight, the other
breaks off. No need to wait long vines of education - and their tissues
are poorly rough accrete enough development in the chosen escape for
vaccinations 4-6 leaves. The main thing is that the thickness of green
shoots at the bottom correspond to the size of harvested grafted pipe.
Vaccination one eye grafts
(Fig. 1 a) is as follows. In the kidney graft is left over 0.5-0.7 cm
safety timber protected from drying out the top layer of garden warrior.
Slices of the wedge usual: one with the transition of the core, the
other - at a smaller angle. Rostov kidney is located at the side of the
slice. Key to successful vaccination - clean hands, a sharp knife, a
strict coincidence of the surface tissue of both components and dense
adhesions binding sites.
It should not be on grafted
slightly tall grade cuttings harvested from the strong-growing shrubs
(where the roots of the rootstock does not provide the full development
of a new crown.)
Green grafted escape is cut
transversely to the lowest interstice (Fig. 1b) or 2-3rd nodes. He
splits the center of the top of the kidneys. In this section carefully,
but firmly insert freshly qualified shank with an eye on. All tightly
wrapped with a narrow (0.5 cm) plastic tape. Begin winding the bottom,
bring the stock to the end (with overlap), and then make a few turns
down and pass through the ends of the tape at the first turn (not
tying). With this tape does not crash into the bark at Pumping spikes (Pict.
Pict. 1. Engraftment to the green shoots matured cuttings
a - one eye grafts, b - cut grafted "hemp", c - careful tying junction components.
After 3-5 days in the scion
bud swell and then germinate escape, which could rise to fall to 3-4 m.
The strong growth of the scion recourse to the accelerated formation of
a new hive (pinched, the development of laterals). Moreover, we can get
the first - control - crop in the year of vaccination.
Machinery maintenance. Should
be removed from the green sprouting rootstock below the spikes shoots
and leaves. When engraftment grade will rise by 30-40 cm, remove the
plastic tape. On the 2nd year continue to build new arms and hands the
fruit, but the yield stress is not abused.