Growing grapes


Grape varieties and their characteristics

Table varieties of grapes

Technical varieties of grapes

The classification of grape varieties on the novelty

The choice of grape variety

Tab is vineyards

Biological characteristics of grapes

Inventory winegrower

Preparation for tab a vineyard

Planting of vines

The quality of seedlings grape

Formation and pruning vines

Guyot system

Wine glasshouse culture

Soil conditions and location

Planting grapes

Pruning and forming grapes

Pollination of grapes

Decimation grapes

Supplementary feeding and watering grapes

The harvest of grapes

Pests and diseases of grapes

The basic rules grafting grapes

Grafting of grapes eye or bud

Grafting of grapes in a split green shoots

Grafting of grapes to split trunk

Using last year's grape cuttings

Grafting of grapes green on green

The method of budding grapes

Kilchevanie of grapes

Care of grafted grape plants

Reproduction of the grape

Wintering grapes

Derivation of frost varieties of grapes

The use of grapes for landscaping

Planting grapes at the walls and arbors

Formation and pruning vines for greenery

Care of vineyards

Artificial pollination of grapes

Fertilizers for grapes

Recovering the vines from frost damage

Elimination of thinning grapes

Pruning of vine

Green operations in the Vineyard

Improving the quality of grapes

Methods of protection of grapes

Pests of grapevine

Diseases of the vine

Weed plants

Protection of vineyards from disease

Definition of diseases of grapes on the external signs of injury

Protecting grapes from pests and diseases

Characteristics of herbicides permitted for use

Precautions when working with pesticides

Collection and processing of grapes

Collection and storage of grapes

Grapes in cooking

Making a home of grape wine

Dry wines

Dessert wines

Manufacturing technology of sweet dessert of grape wine

The composition of grape wine

Diseases of the wine

Classification of wines

Table wines

Local wines

Quality wines

Wine tasting

Making wine from fruit and berries

Storage of wine

Culture of wine drinking

Culture of wine consumption

Site map

Using last year's grape cuttings

For successful grafting requires one hundred percent guarantee of the viability of eyes, and hard-changeable winter conditions with the vine can happen a lot (freezing of, damping off, etc.), resulting in unacceptable spring harvesting grafter material not sheltered plantations.

Scheduled for the autumn regraftig bushes completely cut down (on a healthy node root stump, 10-20 cm below ground level).

The next stage - to activate the germination of dormant buds. To this end no later than April around the bush regraftig remove the upper 20 cm soil layer (1-1.5 m in diameter). In this case, the earth is warming up in the root zone quicker, faster regrowth of shoots. 2.3 Allow the top flight, the other breaks off. No need to wait long vines of education - and their tissues are poorly rough accrete enough development in the chosen escape for vaccinations 4-6 leaves. The main thing is that the thickness of green shoots at the bottom correspond to the size of harvested grafted pipe.

Vaccination one eye grafts (Fig. 1 a) is as follows. In the kidney graft is left over 0.5-0.7 cm safety timber protected from drying out the top layer of garden warrior. Slices of the wedge usual: one with the transition of the core, the other - at a smaller angle. Rostov kidney is located at the side of the slice. Key to successful vaccination - clean hands, a sharp knife, a strict coincidence of the surface tissue of both components and dense adhesions binding sites.

It should not be on grafted slightly tall grade cuttings harvested from the strong-growing shrubs (where the roots of the rootstock does not provide the full development of a new crown.)

Green grafted escape is cut transversely to the lowest interstice (Fig. 1b) or 2-3rd nodes. He splits the center of the top of the kidneys. In this section carefully, but firmly insert freshly qualified shank with an eye on. All tightly wrapped with a narrow (0.5 cm) plastic tape. Begin winding the bottom, bring the stock to the end (with overlap), and then make a few turns down and pass through the ends of the tape at the first turn (not tying). With this tape does not crash into the bark at Pumping spikes (Pict. 1c).

Engraftment to the green shoots matured cuttings

Pict. 1. Engraftment to the green shoots matured cuttings

a - one eye grafts, b - cut grafted "hemp", c - careful tying junction components.

After 3-5 days in the scion bud swell and then germinate escape, which could rise to fall to 3-4 m. The strong growth of the scion recourse to the accelerated formation of a new hive (pinched, the development of laterals). Moreover, we can get the first - control - crop in the year of vaccination.

Machinery maintenance. Should be removed from the green sprouting rootstock below the spikes shoots and leaves. When engraftment grade will rise by 30-40 cm, remove the plastic tape. On the 2nd year continue to build new arms and hands the fruit, but the yield stress is not abused.

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