Growing grapes


Grape varieties and their characteristics

Table varieties of grapes

Technical varieties of grapes

The classification of grape varieties on the novelty

The choice of grape variety

Tab is vineyards

Biological characteristics of grapes

Inventory winegrower

Preparation for tab a vineyard

Planting of vines

The quality of seedlings grape

Formation and pruning vines

Guyot system

Wine glasshouse culture

Soil conditions and location

Planting grapes

Pruning and forming grapes

Pollination of grapes

Decimation grapes

Supplementary feeding and watering grapes

The harvest of grapes

Pests and diseases of grapes

The basic rules grafting grapes

Grafting of grapes eye or bud

Grafting of grapes in a split green shoots

Grafting of grapes to split trunk

Using last year's grape cuttings

Grafting of grapes green on green

The method of budding grapes

Kilchevanie of grapes

Care of grafted grape plants

Reproduction of the grape

Wintering grapes

Derivation of frost varieties of grapes

The use of grapes for landscaping

Planting grapes at the walls and arbors

Formation and pruning vines for greenery

Care of vineyards

Artificial pollination of grapes

Fertilizers for grapes

Recovering the vines from frost damage

Elimination of thinning grapes

Pruning of vine

Green operations in the Vineyard

Improving the quality of grapes

Methods of protection of grapes

Pests of grapevine

Diseases of the vine

Weed plants

Protection of vineyards from disease

Definition of diseases of grapes on the external signs of injury

Protecting grapes from pests and diseases

Characteristics of herbicides permitted for use

Precautions when working with pesticides

Collection and processing of grapes

Collection and storage of grapes

Grapes in cooking

Making a home of grape wine

Dry wines

Dessert wines

Manufacturing technology of sweet dessert of grape wine

The composition of grape wine

Diseases of the wine

Classification of wines

Table wines

Local wines

Quality wines

Wine tasting

Making wine from fruit and berries

Storage of wine

Culture of wine drinking

Culture of wine consumption

Site map

Guyot system

In the open vine is usually formed by a system Guyot to one (Pict. 1) or two (Pict. 2) shoulders. When one shoulder the system bears fruit only one branch, with two shoulders - two.

One shoulder with trunks Guillot

Pict. 1. One shoulder with trunks Guillot

The following describes the two-shoulders system as forming the most common.

The formation of bushes of type two shoulders Guyot with trunks

Pict. 2. The formation of bushes of type two shoulders Guyot with trunks:

1 - bush during the landing, 2 - at the end of the first year of vegetation, and 3 - at the end of the second year of vegetation, 4 - after cutting the third year of vegetation, 5 - late in the third year of vegetation, 6 - clipping after the fourth year of growth (bars showing the locations of future cuts)

Planting cuttings prepared kilchevannymi conduct during the bud when the soil temperature at the depth of the root, not lower than 10-11 ° C. These terms apply only to the southern areas where the soil does not freeze in winter. In other areas, the best planting time - spring (before bud break). Annually provide to develop the three main stems. Two remain for fruiting, and the third shortened so that next year he gave the stems of substitution. Fruiting branches tied up above the soil is low, so they can use it given up the heat.

The first year. When planting stem shortened to about 15 cm above the ground or above the point of inoculation, when grafted vine, leaving at least two good kidneys. One summer escape to form a rail or pole, and everyone else to cut a single sheet. In November of that year, shorten the stem to about 40 cm above the soil, leaving three good buds.

For the second year. Over the summer, forming 3 vertical escape. With the emergence of side shoots are pruned them all to the first sheet. Pruned as well as formed rod.

Pruning the vines formed. Each year the shortened summer fruited branches on the shoots of substitution. Tied to the bottom wire a replacement flight left, and another - to the right. The third branch is cut with preservation of kidneys 3.4, to ensure substitution shoots for next year.

Make a complete fertilizer, and potassium sulphate. Mulch each plant 5-8-cm layer of rotted compost. Repeated annually.

Cut shoot tips of substitution, leaving 60 - 75 cm of strong growth on both sides.

The third and subsequent years. From April to August is placed between the double vertical wires fruiting branches. As needed to shorten their 2-3 leaves above the upper wire and remove all of the secondary side shoots. Allowed three replacement shoots up on the rod or pole. Shorten all side shoots on shoots to replace a single sheet and remove all the flowers. Cut off all superfluous shoots on the main stem.

Fertilizing and watering. Make a complete fertilizer. In the spring of conduct mulching layer of rotted compost thickness of 2.5-3.5 cm vine is sensitive to a lack of magnesium in the soil. Carry out spraying with a solution of magnesium sulphate (250 g per 10 liters of water). Repeated after 2 weeks. Throughout the growing season once a week feed the plant table grapes liquid fertilizer until the berries begin to ripen.

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