The vine is tolerant of different
soils in two mandatory conditions: soil with good drainage should be
deep, and the pH - 6.5-7.0. Carbonates for her little fit because of
danger of chlorosis. The high acidity of the soil can reduce the
introduction of lime at the rate of 200 g per 1 m2.
For planting grapes on the plot
to take protected from the wind and well-lit places. Territory of the
court and the southern walls of buildings should be used to remove the
bushes with thick forming. This is a good plant trees and gardens built
and provides an opportunity to grow high quality grapes.
Place the vineyards on the
plains as well as on the slopes. In the lowlands and gullies on the
northern slopes and should not be placed. At such sites, shrubs are
often damaged late spring frosts and early autumn frosts, and fungal
diseases. Best suited for grape slope, facing south or southwest. In
colder areas of grapes can be grown against a wall or fence, facing
south. Do not put a rod in place of stagnation of cold air.
Soil preparation before
planting is to saddle plowing to a depth of 65-70 cm If there is a
danger of soil moisture saturation, it is necessary to lay drainage. In
the areas designated for irrigated vineyards produce before plowing
plan. On private land the best way to prepare the ground should be
considered a solid pass. If it is not possible to make make ribbon, that
is, dig a ditch depth of 65-70 cm and 40-45 cm, which poured topsoil
layer of soil. After plowing the soil surface even and is divided into
cells, rows and place scheduled planting. The best conditions for growth
and fruiting are formed at the direction of rows from north to south.
Only on slopes to prevent erosion, the direction of the series do across
slopes - contours on. Row spacing is kept within 2.25 - 2.50 m. The
distance between rows of bushes set depending on the biological features
of the landed class.
Grapes need a support system
of horizontal wires. If the vine is grown against a wall, the wire is
located 25-30 cm from each other. For vines in the open type in a 60 cm
into the ground wooden poles 2 m long with an interval of 2.5-3.5 m. The
extreme poles reinforce props. Pull one wire at 40 cm above the ground,
and over it every 30 cm - two-wire (so that they crossed each column).
Insert the wire rack at each site for future planting.
Weak vines (less than 0.5 cm
in diameter), leave for the winter in a cold greenhouse and planted in
the ground, when the threat of frost has passed. The wall or solid fence
Plant vines at a distance of 1.2 m from each other and 40 cm from the
wall in the open - at a distance of 1.2-1.5 m from each other in rows
spaced 1.5-2 m. strong-growing varieties can be installed with shade
trellis 3 wire pull on a vertical wall, and 2 - on the visor at an angle
to the plane of the trellis. This is an opportunity to increase
productivity by lengthening vines (increasing the number of buds on a
If the grafted vine, make
sure the vaccination site was above ground level. Tie up the vine to the
support. Drizzle and over mulch rotted manure or compost.
For weakly tall varieties
such as Pearl Saba, Muscat Chasselas distance between the bushes in a
row should be 1.25 m tall to medium type Senso and Hungarian Muscat -
1.5 m, for strong-type Chaush, Queen of vineyards - 2 m, and in
irrigation even more.
The best planting period is
the end of April. In the southern regions of Ukraine in sheltered areas
with adequate soil moisture and shelter for the winter can fall planting
- from the beginning of leaf fall and before the frost-resistant.
Planting depth depends on soil type. On sandy and sandy loam black soil,
which freezes in winter more land is at a depth of 60-70 cm, and
connected to the soil and heat capacity of 45-50 cm is sufficient
Accordingly, dig holes. At the bottom they put 1.5-2 kg of
organic-mineral mix (per ton of compost 50-80 kg superphosphate).
Planted plants watered (15-20 liters of water per bush). After planting,
seedlings or cuttings of the top cover mound of earth, but no more than
3-4 cm above the top eyelet.
Date of entry of the vineyard
into bearing depends on the strength of growth of bushes in the first
years of life. Therefore, for the planted trees will organize special
care. Soil containing loose and free from weeds. In the summer the young
bushes sprayed with poisons to protect against diseases and pests, 2-3
times watered. At the same time spend katarovka (removal of roots on the
upper nodes). In winter, the entire increase in safe harbor land in
order to protect from frost.