When working with pesticides
should not eat, drink, smoke. Work should be in a gown, or even better -
in overalls, rubber gloves and goggles, dust masks or gauze. Should not
be allowed to work with drugs that children, pregnant and lactating
women, as well as patients.
The drug is chosen, taking
into account the prevailing composition of pests. Working solutions of
pesticides are prepared only on the day of use in the garden in the
space provided in the absence of unauthorized persons and children.
Utensils used to prepare solutions, we can not subsequently be used for
storing water or other business purposes.
Spraying is carried out at
the beginning of pests and diseases, strictly observing the norms of
consumption of drugs and the recommended concentration. Working
solutions are applied to plants as a fine spray to the upper and lower
sides of leaves.
The treatment of trees and
shrubs begin from the top of the crown, then treated her middle and,
finally, the bottom of the shrub. At the same time take into account the
wind direction to avoid splashes and dust on the employee. If there grow
strawberries, raspberries (flowering or fruit) and vegetables (cabbage,
carrots, lettuce, dill, etc.), they harbor a film or other dense
material, weeds mowed. At the time of spraying the hive with bees also
harbor or close entrances. After treatment, wash the landing sites of
hives and only after the trees dry off, open the tap hole.
Spraying is best done in the
morning after the disappearance of the dew (from 7 to 10 h) or evening
before the dew (from 19 to 22 h). You should not spray the plants before
the rain, with strong wind, in a hot sunny day or when air temperatures
below 5 ° C, and during flowering, as this can cause injury and poison
flowers beneficial insects.
After the work is washed with
water sprayers, metal parts to lubricate with oil. Unused pesticide
residues, solvents and water after washing dishes and appliances are
collected in a special pit, removed from wells and other sources of
drinking water, poured bleach and rammed earth.
Clothing and shoes thoroughly
cleaned of residues of pesticides, wash hands and face, mouth rinsing
with water. Medications stored in a dry, well ventilated area, isolated
from the shelter people, animals and birds, the best - in a drawer or
As a result of non-compliance
with safety precautions when working pesticides can enter the body
through the respiratory system and digestive system and mucous membranes
of the eyes, skin and cause poisoning.
Symptoms of poisoning:
weakness, dizziness, nausea, visual disturbances, agitation, abdominal
pain, in more severe cases may be faint, and convulsions.
In the garden of every
gardener should have a first aid kit, complete with all necessary
facilities: bandages, painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs.
First aid for poisoning:
remove to fresh air, easy to pack, take off his clothing and protective
equipment, wash exposed areas with water bodies, call an ambulance. Keep
at free breathing and at rest. In cold weather, warm and at rest. With
the deterioration of the heart affected give a strong tea. If you use a
With burns acids affected
area moistened with 2% solution of baking soda and soapy water, and
alkali burns - 1% solution of acetic acid (1 / 2 teaspoon per cup of
water). When lime burn the affected area thoroughly washed with water
and smeared with oil. Bubbles appearing on the surface of the skin, can
not break through, it promotes the penetration of infection and leads to
suppuration of wounds.
After contact with anyone,
even non-toxic substances in their eyes copiously washed with clean
boiled water or a weak solution of soda.
After contact with pesticides
inside the victim to release stomach and then intestines. If no
vomiting, it is called artificial, give several glasses of warm water or
a solution of baking soda (a teaspoon per cup of water).
After contact with acid or
alkali into the cause vomiting, can not, but on the contrary, all
measures should prevent it. For bowel cleansing give Epsom salts (1 / 2
teaspoon per cup of warm water), then the warm milk and oatmeal broth or
tea and biscuits.
Unconscious, the victim is
placed (without pads), turn your head to the side and do artificial