Planting grapes at the walls and arbors
To avoid errors when planting grapes, must follow certain rules when placing shrubs. Placement of wall and shrubs must meet the bowline with one hand, the requirements of the architectural decoration of buildings, yards and parks, on the other hand - the biological properties of grape plant varieties and characteristics. A huge variety of conditions that must be considered at the same time makes it impossible to recommend the ready, master plans of planting. You can specify only the basic principles that should guide the preparation of the plan of planting and placement of bushes.
First of all we must remember that grapes need direct sunlight, shadows, he can not stand. Therefore, under the trees with thick foliage plant grapes can not. For this reason, unsuitable for grapes and northern walls of houses.
The best party is the Western. It should be planted more delicate, high-quality European and Central Asian varieties.
Very good and the south side. But if the vines are too close to the wall, facing south, in the winters with lots of sunny days annual shoots freeze slightly, and sometimes long-term timber is damaged. This is because, in sunny and windless days in the southern walls of melting ice, then thawed and vines, and by evening they quickly, sometimes within minutes of freezing. Of these swings, which in winter can be repeated many times, especially in southern Ukraine, the vine dies. Therefore, on the south side of the vines should be planted not by the wall, and departing from it 1.5-2 m. Vines need to put on a specially constructed trellis height of 2-2.5 m, which can be joined by the top canopy to the wall. Get a gazebo, which will decorate the building and in the summer will protect windows from direct sunlight. Under these conditions, on the south side of the house can be planted European and Central Asian varieties. If for any reason to depart from the south wall and shrubs must be planted close to the wall, it is best to choose Isabella and Lydia.
Vines, located on the eastern walls of buildings, often exposed to strong northeast winds. A wall near the wind blows affect the bush is much stronger than in the open field, in view of emerging twists. In addition, when the sun is a sharp change in temperature, which also has a harmful effect on the bushes, especially in spring, in phases, "weeping" and the bud. Therefore, the eastern wall advisable to plant shrubs more resistant varieties.
Shrubs European and Central Asian varieties are best placed in areas that are protected from the north-east by high buildings or trees. In open areas it is recommended to plant the same Isabella, Lydia and European varieties are early maturing. By placing the vines along the walls of buildings, care should be taken to the main architectural features such as columns, and clearly were not obscured by foliage.
Vines can not just put up walls, but also take the form of galleries, arbors, trellises high, without a visor and a visor. To avoid monotony, it is recommended to alternate the gallery with arbors and trellis. Pergolas can be of different shapes (round, oval, rectangular, multi-faceted), and with a variety of overlapping - flat, domed, pyramidal, conical. Galleries can be made straight, and semicircular, in semicircumference any structure. Very beautiful entrance to the gallery, designed curved trellis.
In drawing up the plan of wall and planting shrubs bowline should try to make it a variety, and this has great possibilities. Vine - very flexible plant, it can give any shape to create from it the most bizarre pictures and improve their architectural design of buildings.
Vines grow well only under the condition that he put in a well-prepared soil, which created favorable conditions for development and supply of roots.
If the ground is littered with debris, especially lime, it should be replaced by better taken anywhere nearby. Lime is especially bad grades suffer Isabella and Lydia.
Before you begin to tillage, is marked on the ground with pegs layout of pavilions and galleries, or boundary-line. Then, according to this plan are digging plantation groove width and depth of 80 cm to dig a small hole separately for each bush impractical: the root system of the bush was planted in a hole can develop rapidly, especially in the early years. In the same trench for the roots of many places in the loosened soil, and they grow very quickly. The individual pits, but the large size makes only for a single bush, they are put against the wall.
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