Grafting of grapes in a split
green shoots (Pict. 1) is the simplest technique to perform and quite
reliable. As follows.
For the first sample on the
same plant from the shoots left for grafting shears cut and remove all
of the above the proposed vaccine. Wait 20-30 minutes (sometimes up to
On the cut have to appear a
drop of liquid (sap), which stands out most intensely in the morning and
evening hours. Typically, a hot lunch time allocation sap stops.
If you do not drop stood out,
the bushes should be abundantly watered, and shot put for a day or two.
When the sap stand out,
proceed to the most vaccination. To do this, at the end of the shoot
stock, which is released through the sap, make a longitudinal incision
about 2 cm depth of the exact center. Then take the appropriate diameter
graft scion, sharpened wedge-shaped bottom and inserted into an incision
on the rootstock.
It is desirable that the
wedge and the maximum cut is identical in size, then fusion would be
better and better.
Pict. 1. Grafting in the splitting of green shoots
If the wedge is already a few
cuts, then it can be shifted to one side, but then the fusion will be
After combining the slices
begin to coil. Take a strip of plastic tape or roller stretch film
wrapped and vaccinated, from bottom to top and vice versa. There should
be dense and tight coil.
If the vaccine is made by all
the rules, then after 1-2 minutes (sometimes immediately) at the end of
the scion to stand out the sap. This suggests that the vaccine is made
If the binding is tight and
do not skip the juice, it must be repeated, ensuring that the sap has
passed through the place of adhesions and performed at the end of the
vaccination. It is important to ensure good root pressure sap stock
(pre-watering, massive root system).
After that, the vaccine wear
transparent plastic bag with a hole diameter of 5 mm for ventilation,
tie the bottom package.
If there is a hot, sunny
weather, vaccination should to shadow, since they can simply "boil"
under the clear protective cap (pack) due to the greenhouse effect.
Necessary to provide high humidity (100%) in the site of implantation
for the entire period of accretion, about 2 weeks.
If the graft has taken root,
then after about 12-14 days begins shoot growth of the scion. Open the
protective package must not before escaping to reach a length of 5 cm or
more, after loosening the eyeballs at the bottom of the package, and be
sure to shadow escape in the first week after removal of the protective
bag. When the vaccine reach 15 cm, you can remove the shading.
Remove harness vaccines do
not hurry, do it through 1 to 1.5 months after vaccination, when the
coil starts to cut into the growing vaccine. Circuitry can be reduced by
3 weeks, but this should be done cautiously. Growing shoots of the scion
as soon as possible to fix the pole, during the growing season to
protect against disease.
Thus, with a number of
powerful 1 -, 2 - and 3-year rootstock bushes, you can introduce new
products as grape selection on your site, the next year to get the first
harvest and a realistic assessment of a new variety.
After 2-3 weeks (sometimes up
to 30-40 days) after vaccination stepchildren should start to rise. Grow
faster those vaccinations that are made of lignified cuttings. But the
quality of fusion better when grafted scion green on green shoot stock.
If by that time, the growth
processes are not observed, and the leaves are green and stepchildren on
vaccinations shrunken, it is likely the vaccine failed, and it should be
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