Let's start with
anti-phylloxera grapes attitude of the new plantation. In areas where
making its presence felt this dangerous pest, own-rooted vines
unreliable. More profitable mortgage vineyard grafted seedlings. You can
get them ready, and even better to grow the most in 2 season.
In the first year new
plantation laid special cuttings - with rootstock phylloxera resistant a
vine. Acquiring them, make sure that the variety is not contraindicated
in those European varieties of grapes, you want to instill in them. To
better future rooted rootstocks, regularly loosen soil, do watering and
feeding, protect against disease. Nestle in the autumn, not cutting off
The next spring (probably
sooner) we need to clear the ground around the plants to warm the soil
better, speed up growth. Cuttings of high, but not resistant to
phylloxera varieties, which outlines fill the plantation, in the winter
keep in a safe place from freezing, and with the first spring warming
transfer into ice or a refrigerator (tightly wrapped with foil). One
week before inoculation dip their lower ends to the vessel with water
(warm room) to wake and light swelling of the buds.
As soon as the upper (20-25
cm) layer of soil on your new plantation warmed to 17-18 ° C, start
• remove the head stocks,
with their green growth (by this time reached 30-35 cm);
• carefully clean off the
ground trunk bush, reducing its top so that the place was below the
level of adhesion beds (insurance scion from desiccation);
• pick up the stalk, which is
equal to the thickness of trunk, make it a short distance from the
living eye bevel cut for kopulirovka, leaving the middle connector
"tongue." A similar (mirror) cut with an indentation for the "tongue" is
needed and on a stock;
• tightly connect the two
components, tie place spikes film;
• carefully pour the
resulting hole wet sand, forming a protective mound (diameter at the
base - 35-40 cm, height - 15-20 cm).
For subsequent transactions
include: disclosure mound in a month and a half, removing all the roots
that emerged from the scion, and again hilling. Follow the grafted
shoots (protective spraying, watering, a garter to the wire). If you
break up shoots from the lower "floor" (rootstock), immediately remove
Remove harness vaccines do
not hurry, do it through 1 to 1.5 months after vaccination, when the
coil starts to cut into the growing vaccine. Circuitry can be reduced by
3 weeks, but this should be done cautiously. Growing shoots of the scion
as soon as possible to fix the pole, during the growing season to
protect against disease.
Thus, with a number of
powerful 1 -, 2 - and 3-year rootstock bushes, you can introduce new
products as grape selection on your site, the next year to get the first
harvest and a realistic assessment of a new variety.
After 2-3 weeks (sometimes up
to 30-40 days) after vaccination stepchildren should start to rise. Grow
faster those vaccinations that are made of lignified cuttings. But the
quality of fusion better when grafted scion green on green shoot stock.
If by that time, the growth processes are not observed, and the leaves
are green and stepchildren on vaccinations shrunken, it is likely the
vaccine failed, and it should be repeated.