Growing grapes

 

 

 

Grape varieties and their characteristics

Table varieties of grapes

Technical varieties of grapes

The classification of grape varieties on the novelty

The choice of grape variety

 

Tab is vineyards

Biological characteristics of grapes

Inventory winegrower

Preparation for tab a vineyard

Planting of vines

The quality of seedlings grape

Formation and pruning vines

Guyot system

 

Wine glasshouse culture

Soil conditions and location

Planting grapes

Pruning and forming grapes

Pollination of grapes

Decimation grapes

Supplementary feeding and watering grapes

The harvest of grapes

Pests and diseases of grapes

 

The basic rules grafting grapes

Grafting of grapes eye or bud

Grafting of grapes in a split green shoots

Grafting of grapes to split trunk

Using last year's grape cuttings

Grafting of grapes "green on green'

The method of budding grapes

Kilchevanie of grapes

Care of grafted grape plants

Reproduction of the grape

Wintering grapes

Derivation of frost varieties of grapes

 

The use of grapes for landscaping

Planting grapes at the walls and arbors

Formation and pruning vines for greenery

 

Care of vineyards

Artificial pollination of grapes

Fertilizers for grapes

Recovering the vines from frost damage

Elimination of thinning grapes

Pruning of vine

Green operations in the Vineyard

Improving the quality of grapes

 

Methods of protection of grapes

Pests of grapevine

Diseases of the vine

Weed plants

Protection of vineyards from disease

Definition of diseases of grapes on the external signs of injury

Protecting grapes from pests and diseases

Characteristics of herbicides permitted for use

Precautions when working with pesticides

 

Collection and processing of grapes

Collection and storage of grapes

Grapes in cooking

 

Making a home of grape wine

Dry wines

Dessert wines

Manufacturing technology of sweet dessert of grape wine

The composition of grape wine

Diseases of the wine

Classification of wines

Table wines

Local wines

Quality wines

Wine tasting

Making wine from fruit and berries

Storage of wine

 

Culture of wine drinking

Culture of wine consumption

 

Quality wines

Requirements to quality wines, even higher. The grapes for the wines must be from a particular wine-producing region, is brought up in a particular place. V.Q.P.R.D. (Vin de Qualiti Produit dans les Regions Determinees) the inscription, which is found on the labels of quality (vintage) wines, means that it just comes from a wine-producing region.

Requirements for quality wines in the EU:

* minimum alcohol content in wine should be not less than 8.5 vol.% (as a rule);

* in the majority of wine-growing regions add sugar is permitted for a maximum of 2.5 vol. % fermenting of his spirit;

* decrease or increase the acidity of wine permitted provided that does not apply add of sugar;

* the volume of volatile acids contained in wine, shall not exceed 1.2 g/l.

The list of substances for clarification of wines, stabilization and etc., is clearly defined. Quality wines should not blended with the wines produced outside the European union.

In addition to the general requirements, for each a separate wine region has its own rules concerning the their wines.

Restrictions, requirements may relate to authorized grape varieties, crop yields, minimum alcoholicity wine, minimum acidity, of excerpts.

In France and Italy there is another category of wines from some of the larger, but less well-known regions, V.D.Q.S. (Vin Delimite de Qualite Superieure) and I.G.T (Indicazione Considered Tipica) , respectively. By definition, it includes wine, which in qualitative terms on the stage below vintage wines.

In Italy and Spain qualitative wines divided into skilled and controlled with a guarantee.

In Germany and Austria quality wines are divided into wine certain wine-growing areas and wine with the predicate. Gradation of this depends only on the sugar content of grape must, of which will be made wine, and the wine with the predicate sugar add impossible.

 

Requirements to wines outside Europe

In non-european countries winemaking are not so tightly regulated. There are no restrictions on grape harvests. Add sugar is permitted only in New Zealand. Increase acidity is allowed (due to the hot climate the majority of these countries).

The division into wine-making areas is present, but, as a rule, without specifying the requirements for the production of wines. Wine may be considered varietal (with the right of the instructions on the label), if it contains not less than 85 % of the grapes (for the USA, Australia) or at least 75% (for South Africa and Chile).

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Выращивание винограда

 

Growing grapes