Growing grapes


Grape varieties and their characteristics

Table varieties of grapes

Technical varieties of grapes

The classification of grape varieties on the novelty

The choice of grape variety

Tab is vineyards

Biological characteristics of grapes

Inventory winegrower

Preparation for tab a vineyard

Planting of vines

The quality of seedlings grape

Formation and pruning vines

Guyot system

Wine glasshouse culture

Soil conditions and location

Planting grapes

Pruning and forming grapes

Pollination of grapes

Decimation grapes

Supplementary feeding and watering grapes

The harvest of grapes

Pests and diseases of grapes

The basic rules grafting grapes

Grafting of grapes eye or bud

Grafting of grapes in a split green shoots

Grafting of grapes to split trunk

Using last year's grape cuttings

Grafting of grapes green on green

The method of budding grapes

Kilchevanie of grapes

Care of grafted grape plants

Reproduction of the grape

Wintering grapes

Derivation of frost varieties of grapes

The use of grapes for landscaping

Planting grapes at the walls and arbors

Formation and pruning vines for greenery

Care of vineyards

Artificial pollination of grapes

Fertilizers for grapes

Recovering the vines from frost damage

Elimination of thinning grapes

Pruning of vine

Green operations in the Vineyard

Improving the quality of grapes

Methods of protection of grapes

Pests of grapevine

Diseases of the vine

Weed plants

Protection of vineyards from disease

Definition of diseases of grapes on the external signs of injury

Protecting grapes from pests and diseases

Characteristics of herbicides permitted for use

Precautions when working with pesticides

Collection and processing of grapes

Collection and storage of grapes

Grapes in cooking

Making a home of grape wine

Dry wines

Dessert wines

Manufacturing technology of sweet dessert of grape wine

The composition of grape wine

Diseases of the wine

Classification of wines

Table wines

Local wines

Quality wines

Wine tasting

Making wine from fruit and berries

Storage of wine

Culture of wine drinking

Culture of wine consumption

Site map

Grafting of grapes "green on green"

If the failed early spring grafting (cleft) and follow it ("half green"), vaccination can be repeated in the summer months, from mid-May to late June - early July.

Vaccination "convergence" is possible if rootstock and graft bushes close by. Selected for their two adjoining green shoots, cut at the interstices of every small, up to 5 cm, a strip of bark, you can easily grab the wood. The size and configuration of the mutual arrangement of sections should be identical (mirrored) to more accurately matched the cambial layers of components. Joining the bare plots, tightly bind both shoot each other (film, twine). A month later, piping can be removed. And at the end of the growing season of "twins" share: the vine is cut graft lower part, while rootstock - the upper one.

Simple kopulirovka gives gardeners greater flexibility in selecting a location and number of grafts rejected in the bush. Preparing a stock, it uses a well-developed and well located green escape. To a height of 40-70 cm from the bottom (the length of the sleeves of the future) with a cut all the leaves, tendrils, stepchildren and wintering eyes. After 2-3 days, when the wound dry out and stop the allocation of sap, proceed to vaccination. On the mother (graft) bush choose a suitable transplant escape having underdeveloped stepchild. Cut off the tip of his (and tendrils and inflorescences), and leaf blades along the length of the shoot down to a third.

Then separated from cooked escape bush and cut it in the middle of the internodes on one eye cuttings (Pict. 1 a). They piled in a bucket of water. The best survival rate achieved with the use of cuttings of cut in the middle of the shoot (from the 5th to the 10th node). At each must be small stepson in the leaf axils with 1-2 developed leaves, best of which is to kill a half. We now turn to rootstock bush. At the height chosen for soldering with a sharp knife or razor make 2-3-cm oblique section (Pic. 1b). Pick the right thickness and cutting graft cut under eye isometric slant rootstock. Now carefully connect the green components and tightly to each other their section of the film. For the reliability of complex vaccination tied up in a temporary peg. In future regularly removed of low-growth.

Simple kopulirovka

Pict. 1. Simple kopulirovka:

a - one eye graft scion b - a cut rootstock vines, c - in the collection of graft

As a variant of the preceding methods can be split into green grafting on the techniques described above (Pict. 2).

Green grafting of split

Pict. 2. Green grafting of split:

a - graft wedge; b - rootstock cut the vine; c - binding site "docking"

The so-called Hungarian vaccine (in the lateral section) is used in the event that a stock exceeds the thickness of the graft, as well as during the second (third decade of June - the second decade of July), the restoration of no heal green cuttings. Its simple technology is shown in Fig. 3.

Hungarian version

Pict. 3. Hungarian version:

a - one eye graft scion with an oblique cut through the diaphragm; b - lateral T-shaped incision in the bark rootstock escape; c - tightly bandaged and waxed place spikes

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