Immediately after opening of
bushes dig around that of them, which are subject to replacement (the
depth of small hole is 20—25 sm). Take it easy to delete an old crown:
fresh cuts in spring cause abundant expiration of sap (it is not
necessary to loosen a rootage!).
Waiting till ending of
«weeping», purge trunk from an old bark and earth, saw down him on 5—6
sm under level plantation. With application smooth over the surface of
stump by a sharp knife, check necessarily, whether there are no here
festering areas. Lay on on trunk a preventive loop from string, to
prevent the too deep dissidence.
By a thin ax (or durable
knife) and wooden beater laminate the middle of stump apeak on 4—5 sm,
that must correspond to length of similar to wedge sharpening of the
inoculated handles. Inserting a chisel or wedge on a center, fix the
small opening of cut, that at the insertion of fragile grafts a bark and
cambium did not become deformed on them.
Now we will come back. Once
again look over before the inoculation, cut the supply of the fresh
handles taken out from a cool depository and passing a week
physiological preparation on the one or two eye semiss (overhead cut in
1—1,5 sm from a bud, lower — in 5-7 sm under a peep-hole) and place in
the bucket with water, from above covered by tape. Beforehand prepare
and pellicles strips (200 х 15 mm) or polyethylene ribbon for tying
around of place of «docking».
The inoculation is conducted
in warm, windless and desirably gloomy days. Begin with those sorts
which are characterized by the late ripening of escapes.
Sharp, as razor, by a knife,
do on a graft a smooth slanting cut so that his plane passed on a lower
end through a core. From the back clean out a wedge, not affecting her
(more bluntly). Watch thus, that exteriority of rootstock wedge
on everything the extent saved a bark without the least damages.
Carefully «wedge» a graft in the lateral crack of trunk, strictly
combining his bark with young one tissue rootstock cut,
watching, that the lower peep-hole of graft walked up close to this cut.
Do up a crack remaining from above by the wedge-shaped piece of vine
(without a bark). On thin stumps grafted one handle, on
thick — on two (Pict. 1).
Tightly tie around the place
of inoculation by a ribbon, surround from every quarter by moist moss or
coat by the layer of the yellow stove clay. Carefully fill a
small hole, earth up overhead part of graft by sand. In future it is
necessary to delete seedlings, joints appearing below, and
counterfoils, — higher than her, periodically to loosen and pour,
protect from illnesses and to conduct the garter of young vine
It is necessary to mark that
due to powerful roots remaining from the former plant, escapes of the
again instiled sort will develop like blaze. It can be used for the
speed-up forming of crown. When most tall escapes will attain
length of sleeves (60—70 sm) ordinary for plantation, it is needed to
pinch their apexes, leaving on each only for 2 stepchildren
(in those places, where more comfortable to drive out a pointer and