Growing grapes

 

 

 

Grape varieties and their characteristics

Table varieties of grapes

Technical varieties of grapes

The classification of grape varieties on the novelty

The choice of grape variety

 

Tab is vineyards

Biological characteristics of grapes

Inventory winegrower

Preparation for tab a vineyard

Planting of vines

The quality of seedlings grape

Formation and pruning vines

Guyot system

 

Wine glasshouse culture

Soil conditions and location

Planting grapes

Pruning and forming grapes

Pollination of grapes

Decimation grapes

Supplementary feeding and watering grapes

The harvest of grapes

Pests and diseases of grapes

 

The basic rules grafting grapes

Grafting of grapes eye or bud

Grafting of grapes in a split green shoots

Grafting of grapes to split trunk

Using last year's grape cuttings

Grafting of grapes "green on green'

The method of budding grapes

Kilchevanie of grapes

Care of grafted grape plants

Reproduction of the grape

Wintering grapes

Derivation of frost varieties of grapes

 

The use of grapes for landscaping

Planting grapes at the walls and arbors

Formation and pruning vines for greenery

 

Care of vineyards

Artificial pollination of grapes

Fertilizers for grapes

Recovering the vines from frost damage

Elimination of thinning grapes

Pruning of vine

Green operations in the Vineyard

Improving the quality of grapes

 

Methods of protection of grapes

Pests of grapevine

Diseases of the vine

Weed plants

Protection of vineyards from disease

Definition of diseases of grapes on the external signs of injury

Protecting grapes from pests and diseases

Characteristics of herbicides permitted for use

Precautions when working with pesticides

 

Collection and processing of grapes

Collection and storage of grapes

Grapes in cooking

 

Making a home of grape wine

Dry wines

Dessert wines

Manufacturing technology of sweet dessert of grape wine

The composition of grape wine

Diseases of the wine

Classification of wines

Table wines

Local wines

Quality wines

Wine tasting

Making wine from fruit and berries

Storage of wine

 

Culture of wine drinking

Culture of wine consumption

 

Definition of diseases of grapes on the external signs of injury

Determined by the disease:

mildew, oidium, anthracnose, white, black and gray rotten grapes, olive mold, chlorosis, bacterial canker.

 

The key is to identify disease

1 (28). Damaged aerial organs.

2 (11). Damaged leaves.

3 (4). On young leaves chlorotic color, dark green leaf color gradually changes to light green, pale yellow, yellow, green color is preserved along the veins, often affected the whole plant - chlorosis (not parasitic disease).

4 (3). Different nature of the defeat.

5 (6). On leaves of white mealy coating, easily washable - oidium.

6 (5). Leaf spot.

7 (8). Spots of various sizes, angular or irregular, gray, with reddish or dark brown trim - anthracnose.

8 (7). Spot with mildew like bloom.

9 (10). Angular spots or soft, pale green, yellow or reddish-brown, with a white coating on the underside of leaves - mildew.

10 (9). Vague or limited spots, yellowish-brown to dark olive velvety coating on the underside of leaves - olive mold.

11 (2). Struck by other bodies.

12 (23). Damaged berries.

13 (14). Berries on a white mealy coating, hit some berries or a whole bunch, at the crack berries, seeds are exposed, infected berries dry up - oidium.

14 (13). The defeat of the other.

15 (22). Rotten fruit.

16 (19). Rotten berries on a raid, rot wet.

17 (18). At the berries are dark brown spots, covered with grayish-white soft touch, but sometimes there is no plaque - mildew.

18 (17). On berries fluffy white coating - gray mold.

19 (16). On rotting berries fruit bodies rot dry.

20 (21). Berries are red-brown on the surface of numerous off-white bumps (pycnidia) - White mold.

21 (20). Berries bluish-black, with black pycnidia on the surface - black rot.

22 (15) On the berries are round brownish or dirty gray and fringed with reddish-brown or black rim - anthracnose.

23 (12). Damaged shoots.

24 (25). On the shoots of white mealy coating, tissue turns brown - oidium.

25 (24). On shoots spots, sores or wounds.

26 (27). On the shoots in-depth brown spots, sores, or deep wounds from the influx at the edges, along the bottom of the wound are drawn blood vessels in the form of bands, seems to escape the charred - anthracnose.

27 (26). On shoots grayish or brownish sunken spots - mildew.

28 (1). On roots, root collar or at the base of the bush brown solid tumors, growths observed on the aerial parts - the root of cancer.

 

External differences of white and black rot of grapes

name of disease

The nature of damage

Paint damaged berries

The nature of fruiting bodies

The white rot

individual berries

black

The black dots

black rot

Typically, clusters of berries all

Red-brown

Grayish-brown bumps

 

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Выращивание винограда

 

Growing grapes