Growing grapes


Grape varieties and their characteristics

Table varieties of grapes

Technical varieties of grapes

The classification of grape varieties on the novelty

The choice of grape variety

Tab is vineyards

Biological characteristics of grapes

Inventory winegrower

Preparation for tab a vineyard

Planting of vines

The quality of seedlings grape

Formation and pruning vines

Guyot system

Wine glasshouse culture

Soil conditions and location

Planting grapes

Pruning and forming grapes

Pollination of grapes

Decimation grapes

Supplementary feeding and watering grapes

The harvest of grapes

Pests and diseases of grapes

The basic rules grafting grapes

Grafting of grapes eye or bud

Grafting of grapes in a split green shoots

Grafting of grapes to split trunk

Using last year's grape cuttings

Grafting of grapes green on green

The method of budding grapes

Kilchevanie of grapes

Care of grafted grape plants

Reproduction of the grape

Wintering grapes

Derivation of frost varieties of grapes

The use of grapes for landscaping

Planting grapes at the walls and arbors

Formation and pruning vines for greenery

Care of vineyards

Artificial pollination of grapes

Fertilizers for grapes

Recovering the vines from frost damage

Elimination of thinning grapes

Pruning of vine

Green operations in the Vineyard

Improving the quality of grapes

Methods of protection of grapes

Pests of grapevine

Diseases of the vine

Weed plants

Protection of vineyards from disease

Definition of diseases of grapes on the external signs of injury

Protecting grapes from pests and diseases

Characteristics of herbicides permitted for use

Precautions when working with pesticides

Collection and processing of grapes

Collection and storage of grapes

Grapes in cooking

Making a home of grape wine

Dry wines

Dessert wines

Manufacturing technology of sweet dessert of grape wine

The composition of grape wine

Diseases of the wine

Classification of wines

Table wines

Local wines

Quality wines

Wine tasting

Making wine from fruit and berries

Storage of wine

Culture of wine drinking

Culture of wine consumption

Site map

Collection and storage of grapes

Keeping quality of grapes, as well as all fruit crops, depending on the cultivar, growing conditions, maturity, methods of packing, packaging, transport conditions, storage conditions and other factors.

Saved by eating better and versatile varieties, the berries are thick, fleshy, thick-skinned, and a bunch of relatively loose. Grades Karaburnu, Muscat of Alexandria, Puhlyakovski stored for 2-3 months, Isabella, Nimrang - 4-5 months or more, and sort of Sabbath - until June, that is 9 months.

Table grapes is considered mature when the base ridge to wood and painted in brown and the berries become characteristic for varieties of color, become soft, relatively easily separated from the stalk.

Better harvest in the dry and warm weather. Tucked away in rainy or foggy weather grapes poorly stored and worse withstand transportation. Unripe or overripe and are preserved poorly.

When gathering to cut grapes very gently to berries do not crumble and tear. It is best to cut with special scissors or shears.

Collection of table grapes should be performed in two stages: first remove the lower clusters as unsuitable for storage, then all the main crops, intended for long-distance transport and storage. During the cleaning should not be touching your berries, not to wipe the wax coating, which improves their keeping quality.

Cut grapes into small flat folded boxes (10-12 kg), or basket, trimmed in cloth, putting in a number of feet up.

If you intend to carry vines, harvest immediately sorted and packaged. When carried to the farthest distance packages are produced with the use of sawdust of soft wood species. At the bottom of the box with a capacity of 8-10 kg sawdust sprinkled a layer of 2-3 cm and placed in layers grapes, bed layer for layer their filings. Then close the paper and a lid.

In the clusters of grapes destined for long term storage should not be spoiled, cracked or crushed berries. Grapes are placed in boxes or sieves. Sieve capacity 6-7 kg of paper and line the densely vine, then link to the packs.

Widely spread Bulgarian wine packaging method. Boxes with a capacity of 4 kg and consists of the bottom of the low side strips with small feet at the corners, which makes it possible to put them on one another and provides good air circulation. In these boxes grapes are usually placed in a single layer of a leg up.

There are several ways to store wine. You can save the grapes to dry ridges, hanging clusters in dark rooms. But this method is tedious and unpromising. While best results are obtained already mentioned method of storage on the green ridges: cut grapes with part of the shoot, with one end placed in a container of water. In such conditions it is possible to keep the grapes up to 4 months.

ore promising is the storage of wine in the refrigerator. Small boxes of grapes stacked set so that there is free access of air. Optimum conditions for storing wine is a constant temperature at 0-2 ° C and relative humidity 85-90%.

During the period of storage regularly inspected clusters, revealing the boxes to choose from every 2-3 weeks, and less seasoning varieties - often within 1-2 weeks.

The repository supports the same sanitary conditions as well as during storage of fruits..


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