Growing grapes


Grape varieties and their characteristics

Table varieties of grapes

Technical varieties of grapes

The classification of grape varieties on the novelty

The choice of grape variety

Tab is vineyards

Biological characteristics of grapes

Inventory winegrower

Preparation for tab a vineyard

Planting of vines

The quality of seedlings grape

Formation and pruning vines

Guyot system

Wine glasshouse culture

Soil conditions and location

Planting grapes

Pruning and forming grapes

Pollination of grapes

Decimation grapes

Supplementary feeding and watering grapes

The harvest of grapes

Pests and diseases of grapes

The basic rules grafting grapes

Grafting of grapes eye or bud

Grafting of grapes in a split green shoots

Grafting of grapes to split trunk

Using last year's grape cuttings

Grafting of grapes green on green

The method of budding grapes

Kilchevanie of grapes

Care of grafted grape plants

Reproduction of the grape

Wintering grapes

Derivation of frost varieties of grapes

The use of grapes for landscaping

Planting grapes at the walls and arbors

Formation and pruning vines for greenery

Care of vineyards

Artificial pollination of grapes

Fertilizers for grapes

Recovering the vines from frost damage

Elimination of thinning grapes

Pruning of vine

Green operations in the Vineyard

Improving the quality of grapes

Methods of protection of grapes

Pests of grapevine

Diseases of the vine

Weed plants

Protection of vineyards from disease

Definition of diseases of grapes on the external signs of injury

Protecting grapes from pests and diseases

Characteristics of herbicides permitted for use

Precautions when working with pesticides

Collection and processing of grapes

Collection and storage of grapes

Grapes in cooking

Making a home of grape wine

Dry wines

Dessert wines

Manufacturing technology of sweet dessert of grape wine

The composition of grape wine

Diseases of the wine

Classification of wines

Table wines

Local wines

Quality wines

Wine tasting

Making wine from fruit and berries

Storage of wine

Culture of wine drinking

Culture of wine consumption

Site map

Harvesting and processing of grapes

Harvesting - the most stressful and challenging period in horticulture. Late or improper cleaning leads to large losses and lower quality fruit. In order to successfully carry out cleaning, you need to make in advance all the preparatory work.

First of all, determine the yield of varieties and dates of collection. These data are the starting point when planning harvesting. It determines the amount of work, given the area of ​​the vineyard and the estimated gross yield. Expect the demand for labor in cleaning equipment, containers, packaging material. In addition, timely prepare the relevant premises (sheds, warehouses, basements), containers and packaging materials.

Cut off the bunches must not indiscriminately, but selectively, as they ripen at different times. Before taking off the bunch, it should try. Berries in a sample taken from the bottom of the bunch. If they are quite sweet and pleasant to taste, then all the others, above those, too ripe. Need to rush to the removal of first ripe grapes - thanks to ripen better and faster than the rest.

Cut grapes clear of spoiled berries, which are careful not to damage nearby, cut with scissors with pointed tips.

There are different ways to store wine in order to lengthen the duration of its consumption in fresh form. You can leave a bunch on the bush for exposure to frost. To do this, choose those clusters that are loosely hanging and swinging in the wind does not impinge on the vine. From time to time to inspect and spoiled berries are removed. Before the first frost grapes are kept on a bush, and then they cut off and hung on a wire stretched in the pantry.

Saved a bunch of even better if it is cut with a piece of wood and put the escape in a bottle of water. The upper section above make bunches of 5 cm, the lower cut - 15 cm below the bunch. The lower end of the rod is inserted into the bottle with water and put on a shelf in the pantry. As such, the cluster can store up to March. The clusters are designed for such storage, wash the can. You must try to wax coating on the berries preserved as best as possible.

For winter storage is most suitable grape varieties Ganja white, Senso, and Tayfi Nimrang. Sometimes you can save a good white Chasselas. Isabella and Lydia are not suitable for winter storage as well as their berries shrivel and fall off quickly. But clusters of both these varieties are preserved perfectly in the bushes until the autumn frosts. Isabella is well maintained grade Lindley. Clusters can be kept in the bushes until frost and then cut along with a piece of wood and keep hanging in the pantry.


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