To get a good grape for
planting, you must decide which grapes and what direction you want to
grow - Technical (for cooking wine and juice) or table (for fresh
consumption or sale).
First of all you need to deal
with terms of maturity (early, middle, late), so in your region this
variety was enough heat to full maturity.
Another two important
indicators - frost and resistance to fungal diseases.
All figures are listed in
ampelography characteristics. Preference should be given a
complex-resistant varieties and hybrid forms with the best
Having defined the grades
you're interested in, select the best ones in quality berries - by their
size, shape, color and taste. It is desirable that the berries were as
large size, because the grapes are first "eat the eyes." But for their
own consumption may prefer not to let the class so attractive large
berries, but with good taste. Basically it is fragrant varieties have
muscat flavor. If you do not have enough information, ask for help from
an experienced conscientious vineyard.
The best way to select
varieties - in the vineyards on a mature berries, when you can see most
of the virtues of variety. When viewed from the vineyard to check the
stability of varieties of chlorosis, botrytis, the tendency to form pea
ovary fruit cracking in wet weather.
Do not forget to find out
because you liked the growth of varieties. This is when you need a
device of the vineyard. By the force of the growth of varieties are
weakly growing, medium strength and vigorous growth.
As a rule, weakly growing
small harvest grade. They are used in ordinary, relatively dense
plantation with low feet (1.5 m) as large forming they do not.
A vigorous varieties require
large forming and a large supply of long-term timber. Most often, this
high-yielding varieties, but they need large areas of nutrition and high
support (2-3 m). Such types are productive particularly in arch, and
wall forming bowline. Having a large stock of long-term timber, they are
more hardy and able to produce high yields.
Finally, focusing on the
varieties you like, take a decision to purchase seedlings of these
Purchase and planting
seedlings, even advisable in the fall.
First, the fall can choose
fresh seedlings and spring they may be dry or with frostbitten roots
(depending on storage conditions in the winter), then you know you can
Second, it is possible to see
the autumn berries of your class fresh.
Thirdly, the roots of grape
growing under appropriate conditions and in the winter.
Planted in the autumn time to
settle down grape seedlings in the spring and go along with the growth
in with no transplant. In winter, they must hide to avoid not frozen.
With spring planting is even healthy plants can get sick and fall behind
in the growth of seedlings of autumn planting, and later enter into
If you do decide to plant
vines in the spring, it is best to choose a vegetative plants grown in
bags. They are already in the first year provide great gains have
significant race in the growth of the past come into fruition. Best
suited seedlings grown in the climatic conditions of your area or in
areas with climatic conditions similar to yours.
Do not buy plants from casual
distributors. Such plants can be infected with quarantine pests,
including phylloxera, sometimes in such cases it is random mixing of
varieties. You may encounter and with deliberate deception, when you
sell the "exactly the sort of" about which you ask.
If you do not know any
growers, selecting plants, ask your dealer ampelography detailed
description and characteristics of growing the variety. Learn residence
winegrower, get him a business card, arrange, if possible, about your
visits to vineyards in the summer to personally see this kind and ensure
the correct choice.
If you select plant material,
guided by the proposed scheme, you can avoid mistakes in the choice of
"vine" + γραφος, 'writing') is the field of botany concerned with the
identification and classification of grapevines, Vitis spp.
Traditionally this has been done by comparing the shape and colour of
the vine leaves and grape berries; more recently the study of vines has
been revolutionised by DNA fingerprinting.
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