Growing grapes

Growig-grapes

Grape varieties and their characteristics

Table varieties of grapes

Technical varieties of grapes

The classification of grape varieties on the novelty

The choice of grape variety

Tab is vineyards

Biological characteristics of grapes

Inventory winegrower

Preparation for tab a vineyard

Planting of vines

The quality of seedlings grape

Formation and pruning vines

Guyot system

Wine glasshouse culture

Soil conditions and location

Planting grapes

Pruning and forming grapes

Pollination of grapes

Decimation grapes

Supplementary feeding and watering grapes

The harvest of grapes

Pests and diseases of grapes

The basic rules grafting grapes

Grafting of grapes eye or bud

Grafting of grapes in a split green shoots

Grafting of grapes to split trunk

Using last year's grape cuttings

Grafting of grapes green on green

The method of budding grapes

Kilchevanie of grapes

Care of grafted grape plants

Reproduction of the grape

Wintering grapes

Derivation of frost varieties of grapes

The use of grapes for landscaping

Planting grapes at the walls and arbors

Formation and pruning vines for greenery

Care of vineyards

Artificial pollination of grapes

Fertilizers for grapes

Recovering the vines from frost damage

Elimination of thinning grapes

Pruning of vine

Green operations in the Vineyard

Improving the quality of grapes

Methods of protection of grapes

Pests of grapevine

Diseases of the vine

Weed plants

Protection of vineyards from disease

Definition of diseases of grapes on the external signs of injury

Protecting grapes from pests and diseases

Characteristics of herbicides permitted for use

Precautions when working with pesticides

Collection and processing of grapes

Collection and storage of grapes

Grapes in cooking

Making a home of grape wine

Dry wines

Dessert wines

Manufacturing technology of sweet dessert of grape wine

The composition of grape wine

Diseases of the wine

Classification of wines

Table wines

Local wines

Quality wines

Wine tasting

Making wine from fruit and berries

Storage of wine

Culture of wine drinking

Culture of wine consumption


Literature
Site map

The choice of grape variety

To get a good grape for planting, you must decide which grapes and what direction you want to grow - Technical (for cooking wine and juice) or table (for fresh consumption or sale).

First of all you need to deal with terms of maturity (early, middle, late), so in your region this variety was enough heat to full maturity.

Another two important indicators - frost and resistance to fungal diseases.

All figures are listed in ampelography characteristics. Preference should be given a complex-resistant varieties and hybrid forms with the best characteristics.

Having defined the grades you're interested in, select the best ones in quality berries - by their size, shape, color and taste. It is desirable that the berries were as large size, because the grapes are first "eat the eyes." But for their own consumption may prefer not to let the class so attractive large berries, but with good taste. Basically it is fragrant varieties have muscat flavor. If you do not have enough information, ask for help from an experienced conscientious vineyard.

The best way to select varieties - in the vineyards on a mature berries, when you can see most of the virtues of variety. When viewed from the vineyard to check the stability of varieties of chlorosis, botrytis, the tendency to form pea ovary fruit cracking in wet weather.

Do not forget to find out because you liked the growth of varieties. This is when you need a device of the vineyard. By the force of the growth of varieties are weakly growing, medium strength and vigorous growth.

As a rule, weakly growing small harvest grade. They are used in ordinary, relatively dense plantation with low feet (1.5 m) as large forming they do not.

A vigorous varieties require large forming and a large supply of long-term timber. Most often, this high-yielding varieties, but they need large areas of nutrition and high support (2-3 m). Such types are productive particularly in arch, and wall forming bowline. Having a large stock of long-term timber, they are more hardy and able to produce high yields.

Finally, focusing on the varieties you like, take a decision to purchase seedlings of these varieties.

Purchase and planting seedlings, even advisable in the fall.

First, the fall can choose fresh seedlings and spring they may be dry or with frostbitten roots (depending on storage conditions in the winter), then you know you can not.

Second, it is possible to see the autumn berries of your class fresh.

Thirdly, the roots of grape growing under appropriate conditions and in the winter.

Planted in the autumn time to settle down grape seedlings in the spring and go along with the growth in with no transplant. In winter, they must hide to avoid not frozen. With spring planting is even healthy plants can get sick and fall behind in the growth of seedlings of autumn planting, and later enter into bearing.

If you do decide to plant vines in the spring, it is best to choose a vegetative plants grown in bags. They are already in the first year provide great gains have significant race in the growth of the past come into fruition. Best suited seedlings grown in the climatic conditions of your area or in areas with climatic conditions similar to yours.

Do not buy plants from casual distributors. Such plants can be infected with quarantine pests, including phylloxera, sometimes in such cases it is random mixing of varieties. You may encounter and with deliberate deception, when you sell the "exactly the sort of" about which you ask.

If you do not know any growers, selecting plants, ask your dealer ampelography detailed description and characteristics of growing the variety. Learn residence winegrower, get him a business card, arrange, if possible, about your visits to vineyards in the summer to personally see this kind and ensure the correct choice.

If you select plant material, guided by the proposed scheme, you can avoid mistakes in the choice of varieties.

Ampelography (Αμπελος, "vine" + γραφος, 'writing') is the field of botany concerned with the identification and classification of grapevines, Vitis spp. Traditionally this has been done by comparing the shape and colour of the vine leaves and grape berries; more recently the study of vines has been revolutionised by DNA fingerprinting.



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