Growing grapes

 

 

 

Grape varieties and their characteristics

Table varieties of grapes

Technical varieties of grapes

The classification of grape varieties on the novelty

The choice of grape variety

 

Tab is vineyards

Biological characteristics of grapes

Inventory winegrower

Preparation for tab a vineyard

Planting of vines

The quality of seedlings grape

Formation and pruning vines

Guyot system

 

Wine glasshouse culture

Soil conditions and location

Planting grapes

Pruning and forming grapes

Pollination of grapes

Decimation grapes

Supplementary feeding and watering grapes

The harvest of grapes

Pests and diseases of grapes

 

The basic rules grafting grapes

Grafting of grapes eye or bud

Grafting of grapes in a split green shoots

Grafting of grapes to split trunk

Using last year's grape cuttings

Grafting of grapes "green on green'

The method of budding grapes

Kilchevanie of grapes

Care of grafted grape plants

Reproduction of the grape

Wintering grapes

Derivation of frost varieties of grapes

 

The use of grapes for landscaping

Planting grapes at the walls and arbors

Formation and pruning vines for greenery

 

Care of vineyards

Artificial pollination of grapes

Fertilizers for grapes

Recovering the vines from frost damage

Elimination of thinning grapes

Pruning of vine

Green operations in the Vineyard

Improving the quality of grapes

 

Methods of protection of grapes

Pests of grapevine

Diseases of the vine

Weed plants

Protection of vineyards from disease

Definition of diseases of grapes on the external signs of injury

Protecting grapes from pests and diseases

Characteristics of herbicides permitted for use

Precautions when working with pesticides

 

Collection and processing of grapes

Collection and storage of grapes

Grapes in cooking

 

Making a home of grape wine

Dry wines

Dessert wines

Manufacturing technology of sweet dessert of grape wine

The composition of grape wine

Diseases of the wine

Classification of wines

Table wines

Local wines

Quality wines

Wine tasting

Making wine from fruit and berries

Storage of wine

 

Culture of wine drinking

Culture of wine consumption

 

Artificial pollination of grapes

Grape varieties with functionally female flowers (Chaush, Nim-rank, Katta Kurgan, etc.) need to artificially pollinate pollen bisexual cultivars. This work is simple and does not require a large expenditure of time. But if you do not, all the ovaries can be showered and grapes will not. If, during the flowering sunny weather, pollination should be done only in the morning to 9-10 h, and in cloudy weather - all day long.

Pollen of grapes can be combed through clumps of wool. The coat should be Fan to a state in which it goes to the yarn. Her tear into pieces, lightly squeeze his hands and placed in a basket. Lumps make the size of a fist. Then they are well dried.

Basket of harvested and dried wool brings to the bushes, take out a ball and hold them for flowering inflorescences bisexual grade until, until the yellow tint of adhering pollen. After that shake the pollen to inflorescences cultivars with functionally female flowers. For this lump of wool with the collected pollen is carried out on inflorescences from top to bottom on all sides. From time to time, clumps of wool should be changed because they are raw and then ill give adhering pollen. After work, they are dried so that the next morning they again can be used.

You can use for pollination and puff. Puff is a blade length of 15 and 8 cm wide, which on the one hand full of rabbit-fur trimmed 1-1.5 cm pre-fur should be cleaned with soap and dry. Puff spend 30-40 bisexual inflorescences pollinated varieties and the same number of inflorescences with functionally female flowers. Just like lumps of wool puff are raw quickly, so you need to have some down-bed in time to replace the damp.

Artificial pollination is advisable to carry out not only the flowers with functionally female flowers, but also for bisexual varieties. Very useful when pollen of one species falls on the flowers of another variety. From this fruit are larger and sweeter, and the weight of bunches increases. Therefore, varieties with bisexual flowers are also encouraged to make artificial doopylenie.

All bisexual cultivars suitable for fertilization, pollen, so their technique is quite simple re pollination. Puff or a lump of wool carried on flowering inflorescences shrubs of one kind, then the second, third, fourth, and so on, until are raw wool. Then take a dry sponge or a ball of wool and continue to work the same way. Thanks for such a sequence re pollination inflorescence pollen falls mixture of different varieties, which always gives better results than pollination with the pollen of one species.

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Выращивание винограда

 

Growing grapes